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Current Affairs

Zvezda suits for Gaganyaan mission

Date: 10 September 2020 Tags: Space

Issue

Zvezda, a research and development enterprise, has started manufacturing space suits for Indian astronauts, who are likely to be part of the Gaganyaan mission.

 

Background

Zvezda is a Russian company which primarily designs, develops, and produces portable life support systems for aircraft and spacecraft crew. 

 

Details

  • Zvezda is a Russian company which primarily designs, develops and produces portable life support systems for aircraft and spacecraft crew.

  • The systems created by the company are also used in military and civil airplanes in Russia and abroad. Zvezda has also made significant contributions to the development of the International Space Station. 

  • Following its establishment, Zvezda also designed rocket-powered sledges to send animals to space. In the 1950s, many countries sent animals to space to test the survivability of human spaceflights.

  • Among other things, space toilets have been designed and developed by the company over the decades. Zvezda is also well known for its ejection seat, which has saved the lives of numerous pilots across the world.

  • Currently, the firm is not only making spacesuits for Indian astronauts who will travel to space as part of the Gaganyaan Mission but also their individual seats and custom-made couch liners.

 

Gaganyaan mission

  • India’s maiden manned spaceflight, a part of the Gaganyaan mission, is expected to carry three people to space for seven days.

  • As part of the mission, there will be three launches — two unmanned followed by a manned one.

  • The launch of the manned spacecraft is likely to take place in December 2021 or January 2022, after the astronauts complete their training by the first quarter of 2021.

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation’s Human Spaceflight Centre in Bengaluru has signed a contract with Gavkosmos in June 2019 for the training of the four pilots.