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Current Affairs

Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant

Date: 05 March 2022 Tags: Energy


A fire incident has occurred at the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant due to a war between Russia and Ukraine.



The conflict between Russia and Ukraine has intensified in recent days, resulting in damages to public infrastructure.



Reports have suggested that fire broke out in the administrative building. However, there were no signs of radiation.


The plant

  • Zaporizhzhia is the largest nuclear plant in Europe. It is located in Enerhodar city in the north-western part of Ukraine.

  • The plant consists of six VVER-1000 pressurized light water nuclear reactors (PWR) and has a total power output of 5,700 MWe.

  • It contributes a fifth of the electricity generated in Ukraine. Comparison wise, it is three times the size of Kudankulam nuclear power plant.



  • Ukrainian officials have alleged that the plant has endured damages due to continuous attacks by Russia. If the plant blows, the damage will be 10 times larger than Chernobyl

  • The IAEA says that nuclear power plant and essential equipments are unaffected by the fire and background radiation is also normal.


Dangers involved

  • The plant is unlikely to generate radioactivity like Chernobyl but there are problems associated due to old safety features.

  • The biggest risk is if fuel pond is hit by missiles. The safety of these repositories of spent fuel is not as robust as of the plant itself.


Kudankulam power plant

  • Kudankulam nuclear power plant is located in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu, consisting of six VVER-1000 reactors.

  • It is constructed through collaboration between Atomstroyexport, the Russian state company and Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL).