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Current Affairs

WHO Global Centre for Traditional Medicine

Date: 20 April 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Prime Minister Modi and WHO Director-General will perform ground-breaking ceremony of WHO Global Centre for Traditional Medicine (GCTM) in Jamnagar, Gujarat.

 

Background

The agreement to establish a GCTM in India was signed between WHO and Indian government in March. The government decided to establish it in Jamnagar with a $250 million support.

 

Details

  • The main objective of the centre will be to develop norms, standards and guidelines in technical areas relating to traditional medicine.

  • It will carry out evidence-based research, innovation, and data analysis to optimize the contribution of traditional medicine to global health.

 

Need for traditional medicine knowledge

  • More than 80% of the world’s population uses traditional medicine. GCTM centres will integrate traditional medicines into health system of countries.

  • About 40% of approved pharmaceutical products today derive from natural substances. Traditional knowledge helps in further scientific research.

 

Similar agreements

  • Ministry of AYUSH signed a project collaboration agreement (PCA) with the WHO in the area of traditional medicine in 2016.

  • Institute of Himalayan Bio-resource Technology (CSIR-IHBT) has signed a MoU with National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine Taiwan, to collaborate in areas of mutual interest.

 

Traditional medicine

  • Combined knowledge, skills and practices indigenous and different cultures have used over time to maintain health and prevent, diagnose and treat physical and mental illness.

  • It encompasses practices such as acupuncture, ayurvedic medicine and herbal mixtures as well as modern medicines.

 

Traditional medicine in India

  • Yoga & Naturopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Homeopathy, Sowa Rigpa, Unani make up traditional medicinal system in India.

  • Ayurveda, Yoga and Unani are practiced throughout the country while the Siddha system is followed predominantly in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

  • The Sowa-Rigpa system is practiced mainly in Leh-Ladakh and Himalayan regions such as Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Darjeeling, Lahaul & Spiti.