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Current Affairs

US to recover remains of missing soldiers from India

Date: 08 June 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The US government’s defence department has tied up with National Forensic Sciences University (NFSU) to find the remains of the missing US military members during World War II.

 

Background

US soldiers were part of the Allied forces during World War II and were deployed in India. The remains of 400 of them are yet to be known.

 

Details

  • A team of experts from Defense Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Accounting Agency (DPAA) will visit India and collaborate with NFSU to trace, identify and recover the bodily remains of the soldiers missing in action.

  • The DPAA was formed in 2015 as a specialised group to trace US soldiers who may have missing in action, taken as prisoners of War in previous conflicts or wars.

  • Previous conflicts include World War II, Vietnam War, Korean War etc. About 81,000 soldiers are yet to be traced.

  • The exercise will be carried out in North-eastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Assam and Tripura.

  • A similar expedition was carried out in 2008 and they were able to find evidence of some remains of US soldiers with the help of Anthropological Survey of India.

 

 Working of process

  • The DPAA collects records from host country where the personnel are missing. It tries to create a timeline and mark a perimeter where such remains may be found.

  • It later conducts research by checking with military personnel, cemetery records and local history.

  • If the leads are genuine, an excavation will be conducted and remains will be transferred to US labs for verification.

 

Role of NFSU

NFSU is expected to assist the DPAA through logistics and scientific capabilities. It is India’s leading institution for forensic studies.