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Current Affairs

Tomato flu

Date: 13 May 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Tamil Nadu has increased vigilance along the border with Kerala in the wake of “tomato flu” cases being detected in the state.

 

Details

The disease gets its name from red blisters caused on victims. It mainly affects children below five years of age. 

 

Cause

The exact details of occurrence are not known. There is still doubt whether it is a viral fever, dengue fever or related to chikungunya.

           

Symptoms of flu

  • Rashes

  • Skin irritation

  • Dehydration

  • Tiredness

  • Joint pain

  • Stomach cramps

  • Nausea

  • Diarrhea

  • Coughing

  • Body ache

  • Change in colour of the legs and the hands

 

Treatment

The disease is self-limiting one and there is no specific drug for treating. Symptoms will resolve on their own if supportive care is given.

 

Preventing spread

  • The flu is contagious and can spread easily. Infected individuals must be kept in isolation to prevent spread. Only boiled water must be consumed.

  • Hygiene has to be maintained and scratching of blisters must be restricted. Items used by infected individuals such as Utensils, clothes and other items must be sanitized.

 

Chikungunya

  • It is a viral infection that is spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. Symptoms of the infection include fever and joint pains. 

  • There are two types of mosquitoes which spread the infection. They are Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti.

 

Dengue

  • Dengue is also a tropical fever caused due to dengue virus and spread through mosquito bites.

  • Symptoms include a high fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, and a skin itching and skin rash.

  • The infection has potential to turn into a severe dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage.