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Current Affairs

Plant-based chewing gum that traps Coronavirus

Date: 08 December 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

A plant-based chewing gum has been developed by researchers that has potential to reduce Covid-19 transmission.

 

Background

The chewing gum contains a plant-based protein that traps virus within it and prevents transmission.

 

Details

  • The chewing gum when chewed in mouth reduces viral load in saliva, preventing the transmission of virus from one person to another.

  • In the current situation, the chewing gum targets virus that is present in mouth, which can be transmitted during talking or eating.

  • The gum traps virus with ACE2 protein. The ACE2 protein is the place where virus latches onto before entering the human body.

 

Idea behind the invention

  • Researchers were working on developing a chewing gum containing plant-grown proteins to disrupt dental plaque. 

  • They wondered if such a gum would be infused with plant-grown ACE2 that could neutralize SARS-CoV-2 in the oral cavity.

 

The end product

  • Researchers grew ACE2 protein in plants, paired with another compound and finally prepared cinnamon-flavored gums out of it.

  • The end product when exposed to samples of nasopharyngeal swabs containing SARS-CoV-2 showed that the gum was effective in reducing viral load.