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Current Affairs

Parvovirus infection

Date: 20 December 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Parvovirus infection has affected more than 2,000 stray dogs in Maharashtra’s Amravati city in the past one month.

 

Background

Veterinarians have cautioned that a severe outbreak is on cards. Owners of pet dogs have been warned.

 

Details

  • Parvovirus is a highly-contagious viral infection that affects the intestinal tracts of canines, especially puppies.

  • The infection is life threatening and has a mortality rate of about 90 percentage. Symptoms of the infection include bloody diarrhea, lethargy, drastic weight loss, dehydration and vomiting.

 

The infection cases

  • Amravati city has been a hotspot for the infection. More than 50 percent of the city’s stray dogs have been infected.

  • In the past month, more than 20 dogs were brought to animal rescue centre with the symptoms. About 17 stray dogs succumbed to the infection.

 

Reasons

  • The covid-19 pandemic has delayed vaccination of pet dogs. This has given rise to parvovirus infection in pet dogs.

  • The animal birth control programmes have not been properly implemented leading to rise in stray dog births that have increased the population.

 

Spread of infection

  • The infection spreads through direct contact with infected dog or through indirect contact with a contaminated object, such as hands and clothing of people who handle infected dogs.

  • The dog can get infected if it sniffs or gets in contact with infected faeces. It can spread from one dog to another if a contaminated human carries the virus.

 

Prevention

  • The infection currently does not have a cure. Inoculation gives dogs or puppies chance against fighting the infection.

  • Dogs can be protected from the infection if they are inoculated when they are puppies and continue vaccination every year.

  • Unvaccinated dogs should not be taken out in the open as the virus can survive on surfaces such as grass, soil or any other object.

  • Humans should not touch dogs on the street as they may carry the virus from the infect dog on to a healthy pet dog.