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Current Affairs

Nuclear missile Sarmat

Date: 23 April 2022 Tags: Military

Issue

Russia has tested its new Inter Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) Sarmat. It said to possess capability to strike anywhere in the world.

 

Background

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has spanned over months, without any concrete success. The resistance offered by Ukraine has also startled Russia.

 

Details

  • The test for Sarmat was earlier slated for 2021. It was later pushed to April 2022. It was launched from North West Russia with the intended target in the Kamchatka peninsula.

  • The missile is expected to have at least five more launches in 2022 before being inducted into the Russian military. It is based on liquid fuel.

 

Missile development programme

  • The new ICBM development to replace existing was in pipeline since President Putin made his State of the Nation address to the Federal Assembly.

  • There were reports that Moscow was developing a new ICBM even before President Putin made announcement about Sarmat.

 

Advanced features

  • The NATO name for RS-28 Sarmat is Satan-II. It has the ability to carry ten or more warheads and decoys for a distance of over 18,000 km.

  • It has Multiple Independently-Targetable Re-entry Vehicles, making it difficult for satellite-based radar tracking systems of the western powers.

  • It is the first Russian missile which can carry smaller hypersonic boost-glide vehicles. Electronic countermeasures and guidance system make it lethal than the R-36M Voyevoda ICBMs.

 

Nomenclature

  • It is named after early medieval period nomadic tribes that roamed the steppes of present-day Southern Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.

  • The Sarmatians held control of land between the Urals and the Don River as a result of widespread influence gained by them in the 5th century BC.

  • They were highly developed in horsemanship and warfare. Their administrative capabilities and political expertise were high.

 

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)

It is a category of missile which has a minimum range of 5,500 Km and designed primarily to carry nuclear warheads.