We have launched our mobile app, get it now. Call : 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584.  

Current Affairs

NASA’s Gateway lunar orbiting outpost

Date: 17 June 2020 Tags: Space

Issue

NASA recently finalised the contract for the initial crew module of the agency’s Gateway lunar orbiting outpost.

 

Background

NASA has described the Gateway as key to the new era of lunar explorations both in the orbit and on the surface of the Moon. One of the most unique features of the Gateway is that it can be moved to other orbits around the Moon to conduct more research. 

 

Details

  • The Gateway is being built by both international and commercial partners and will support exploration on and near the Moon and later to Mars as well.

  • NASA has issued this contract to design the habitation and logistics (HALO) support for the Gateway, which is a part of NASA’s Artemis program that aims to send the first woman and the next man to the Moon by 2024.

  • The HALO refers to the pressurised living quarters where astronauts will spend their time while visiting the Gateway. These quarters will be about the size of a small apartment and will provide augmented life support in tandem with NASA’s Orion spacecraft.

  • The Gateway is a small spaceship that will orbit the Moon, meant for astronaut missions to the Moon and later, for expeditions to Mars.

  • It will act as a temporary office and living quarters for astronauts, distanced at about 250,000 miles from Earth. The spaceship will have living quarters, laboratories for science and research and docking ports for visiting spacecraft.

  • Astronauts will use the Gateway at least once per year and not stay around the year like they do on the International Space Station (ISS). Compared to the ISS, the Gateway is much smaller, while the ISS is about the size of a six-bedroom house.

  • Once docked to the Gateway, astronauts will be able to stay there for three months at a time, conduct science experiments and take trips to the surface of the Moon.

  • The Gateway will act as an airport, where spacecraft bound for the lunar surface of Mars can refuel or replace parts and resupply things like food and oxygen, allowing astronauts to take multiple trips to the Lunar surface and exploration of new locations across the Moon.

  • NASA wants to use the Gateway as a science platform to look back at the Earth, observe the Sun, and get unobstructed views of the vast universe.