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Current Affairs

NASA satellite finds crashed Vikram lander

Date: 03 December 2019 Tags: Space

Issue

The United States’ space agency, NASA has said that it has found the debris, three months after the Vikram lander of Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) Chandrayaan 2 mission made a hard landing on moon’s surface.

 

Background

NASA’s confirmation came after an Indian computer programmer and mechanical engineer named Shanmuga Subramanian contacted NASA’s project after which, the American space agency confirmed the identification by comparing before and after images.

 

Details

  • The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said that its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) Camera has sighted the remains of Vikram lander on the lunar surface.

  • NASA also praised ISRO’s effort to get the lander close to the lunar surface. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) had lost contact with the lander shortly before the scheduled touchdown.

  • India had hoped with its Chandrayaan-2 mission to become just the fourth country after the United States, Russia and regional rival China to make a successful Moon landing, and the first on the lunar south pole.

  • The main spacecraft, which remains in orbit around the Moon, dropped the unmanned lander Vikram for a descent that would take five days, but the probe went silent just 2.1 kilometers above the surface.

  • Days after the failed landing, the Indian Space Research Organization had said it had located the lander, but hadn’t been able to establish communication.