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Current Affairs

Keto diet

Date: 07 October 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Actor Mishti Mukherjee died on October 2 in a hospital in Bengaluru. Her family said Mukherjee suffered from kidney failure as she had been following a ketogenic diet.

 

Details

  • The ketogenic diet is one of the most popular weight loss diets the world over. It is a high-fat, moderate-protein and low-carb diet that helps in weight loss by achieving ketosis — a metabolic state where the liver burns body fat and provides fuel for the body, as there is limited access to glucose.

  • A classic keto requires that 90 per cent of a person’s calories come from fat, six per cent from protein, and four percent from carbs.

  • Typically, popular ketogenic diets suggest an average of 70-80 per cent fat, 5-10 percent carbohydrate, and 10-20 percent protein.

  • One can have eggs, chicken and turkey in poultry, fatty fish like salmon and mackerel, full-fat dairy, nuts and seeds like Macadamia nuts, almonds, walnuts, pumpkin seeds, peanuts, and flaxseeds.

  • There is also nut butter like natural peanut, almond, and cashew butters. It also consists of healthy fats like coconut oil, olive oil, avocado oil, coconut butter, and sesame oil. There are Avocados, and non-starchy vegetables like the greens, broccoli, tomatoes, mushrooms, and peppers.

  • Keto diet may lead to many nutrient deficiencies such as carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins (especially vitamin A, D, E, & K), and minerals like calcium, phosphorus, sodium.

  • Extreme carbohydrate restriction can lead to hunger, fatigue, low mood, irritability, constipation, headaches, and brain fog, which may last days to weeks

  • It has turned out to be one of the quickest ways of losing weight. In the first few days after starting the diet, one experiences a significant loss of water weight, and to the average person, the diet appears to be working.

  • A low-carb diet has been linked to several health benefits in people with diabetes, including weight loss and improved blood sugar control and cardiovascular risk factors.