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Current Affairs

Jio-SES joint-venture

Date: 16 February 2022 Tags: Space

Issue

Jio Platforms and satellite-linked content connectivity solutions provider SES have entered into a joint venture to provide satellite broadband services across India.

 

Details

  • The venture has capability to deliver multi-gigabit links and capacity to enterprises, mobile backhaul and retail customers across the length and breadth of India and neighbouring regions. 

  • It will make use of use multi-orbit space networks, combining GEO (geostationary equatorial orbit) and MEO (medium earth orbit) satellite constellations for the purpose.

  • The joint-venture will provide satellite data and connectivity services in India, except for certain aeronautical and maritime customers.

 

Plans

  • The SES has 100 Gbps capacity and it will use Jio’s sales reach in India to unlock this market opportunity.

  • Gateway infrastructure will be developed in India by the joint-venture to provide services within the country.

 

Difference with Starlink

  • Starlink and Bharti Group’s OneWeb are in low earth orbit (LEO) whereas SES has satellites in the GEO and the MEO.

  • LEO satellites are positioned at 500-1,200 km, whereas GEO and MEO is positioned at altitudes of 36,000 km and 5,000-20,000km.

  • The position of the satellite is directly proportional to the area that it services. Higher the position, more area it covers.

 

Advantages and disadvantages

  • Geo satellites provide a larger coverage and therefore only three satellites can cover the whole earth, whereas LEO needs hundreds of satellites.

  • GEO or MEO satellites are larger and are costlier to launch. LEO satellites are cheaper and less heavy.