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Current Affairs

INS Vela

Date: 26 November 2021 Tags: Military


Indian Naval chief Admiral Karambir Singh has commissioned the fourth submarine of P75 of the Indian Navy, INS Vela.



INS Vela is the latest addition to India’s growing fleet of ships after the commissioning of INS Vishakhapatnam recently.



  • The Project 75 was conceptualized during the tenure of PM IK Gujral for acquiring 25 submarines for Indian Navy.

  • The idea later took the shape of 30-year plan under which India and France signed a $ 3.75 billion contract for building six Scorpene class submarines. 

  • The Mazgaon Docks Ltd, and DCNS (Naval Group) from the French side will be the companies involved in building the submarines.

  • The project was delayed by over five years due to many issues, major among them French government’s indecisiveness for “transfer of technology”.


The progress

  • INS Kalvari was the first submarine under the project. INS Khanderi and INS Karanj were commissioned later.

  • INS Vela is the fourth in the list followed by INS Vagir, which is undergoing sea trials. The sixth submarine, INS Vagsheer is under construction.


INS Vela

  • The submarine is named after a decommissioned submarine that belonged to Foxtrot class submarine of Soviet origin. It served Indian Navy from 1973 to 2010.

  • The submarine will be commissioned in the Western Command located in Mumbai. The vessel can take up to eight officers and 35 men.



Vela has a top speed of 20 knots when submerged and a surface top speed of 11 knots. It is run on MTU 12V 396 SE84 diesel engines and 360 battery cells for power.



Weapons onboard the submarine include C303 anti torpedo countermeasure system, and can carry up to 18 torpedoes or Exocet anti-ship missiles or 30 mines in place of torpedoes.



It has been designed for stealth and can perform operations across the entire spectrum of naval warfare, including anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying and area surveillance.