Hydrogen-powered carDate: 01 April 2022 Tags: Energy
Union minister of Transport Nitin Gadkari recently travelled to Parliament on a hydrogen-powered car.
The vehicle was Toyota Mirai, which has three hydrogen tanks, which can be refilled in about five minutes. It has a 1.24 kWh lithium ion battery pack powered by a 182 hp electric motor.
The minister’s use of the vehicle is seen as a strong indication of shift in centre’s policy for exploring other mobility methods instead of conventional EVs.
Types of electric vehicles
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV), Battery-powered Electric Vehicle (BEV), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) are different types.
FCEVs use hydrogen gas to power an on-board electric motor. They are considered EVs as they are completely powered by electricity.
Compared to BEV, they are different as they follow traditional fuelling process. The fuelling time is about five minutes compared to 35-40 minutes for BEVs.
The biggest benefit of FCEV is that it has five times better energy storage per unit volume. This allows rider to go farther.
India’s policy on hydrogen vehicles
The government had announced plans to launch a comprehensive National Hydrogen Energy Mission.
A Hydrogen Energy Mission in 2021-22 was announced in budget for generating hydrogen from green power sources.