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Gut bacteria found in foetus

Date: 26 October 2019 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

A study in humans and mice demonstrated that a fetus has its own microbiome, or communities of bacteria living in the gut, which are known to play important roles in the immune system and metabolism.

 

Background

Research has established that specific microbiome characteristics play causal roles in obesity, allergy, asthma, diabetes, autoimmune disease, depression and a variety of cancers.

 

Details

  • Establishing a dynamic microbiome in the fetus ensures that controlled exposure to microbes trains the developing immune system and metabolism.

  • Study provided strong proof that a complex microbiome is transmitted from the mother to the foetus.

  • Scientists can now pursue ways to boost the development of the fetal immune system and metabolism by stimulating mom's microbiome.

 

Gut bacteria

  • Human gastrointestinal microbiota, also known as gut flora or gut microbiota, are the microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans.

  • The four dominant bacterial phyla in the human gut are Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, and Proteobacteria.