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Current Affairs

EVALI disease

Date: 05 January 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The number of deaths in the US caused due to the mysterious respiratory illness, named as EVALI, linked to vaping and e-cigarettes rose immensely.

 

Background

The Indian government has banned the production, import, distribution, and sale of electronic cigarettes, with penalties ranging from Rs 1-5 lakh fine and 1-3 years imprisonment.

 

Details

  • The CDC is tentatively referring to the disease as EVALI (e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury).

  • E-cigarettes, also called ‘vapes’ or ‘electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)’, are battery-run devices that were originally marketed as a safer alternative to smoking traditional cigarettes.

  • Minors have been particularly affected, with a survey showing that as many one in five and one in 20 students going to high school and middle school respectively using e-cigarettes.

  • The US administration has said that all e-cigarettes would have to undergo a Food and Drug Authority (FDA) review, and only those that can demonstrate a benefit for public health would be allowed to stay on the market.

EVALI

  • The disease ‘EVALI’ is unknown to doctors, and a link between vaping and the lung illness is yet to be concretely established.

  • Symptoms are those in common with other respiratory illnesses, including coughing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, extreme fever or fatigue.

Vaping

  • Vaping is the inhaling of a vapor created by an electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) or other vaping device. E-cigarettes are battery-powered smoking devices.

  • They have cartridges filled with a liquid that usually contains nicotine, flavorings, and chemicals. The liquid is heated into a vapor, which the person inhales.