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Current Affairs

Dhanush Artillery Gun: OFB receives Bulk Production Clearance

Date: 20 February 2019 Tags: Military

Union Ministry of Defence and Indian Army has given Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) bulk production clearance (BPC) for production of 114 'Dhanush Artillery Guns’. This makes Dhanush first long rang 155mm x 45 calibre artillery gun to be produced in India under 'Make in India' initiative.

Dhanush Artillery Guns

  • It is developed by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Kolkata based on requirements of Indian Army and manufactured by Jabalpur-based Gun Carriage Factory (GCF).
  • It is also called desi Bofors as it is upgraded version of Swedish 155-mm Bofors howitzers, which India procured in mid-1980s, based on its original designs.
  • It also been electronically upgraded to enhance the firing accuracies, laying speeds of the existing gun and to provide compatibility with various kinds of ammo as well.
  • Its armament system comprises barrel, breech mechanism, muzzle brake and recoil mechanism to fire 155 mm calibre ammunitions.
  • It has strike range of 38 kilometres (11 km more than imported Bofors guns) with high accuracy and precision. Depending on type of ammunition used it can provide greater fire power.
  • It is equipped with inertial navigation-based sighting system, on-board ballistic computation, auto-laying facility and advanced day and night direct firing system.
  • It can accommodate both boll bags and bi-modular charge system (BMCS) which have resulted in increasing range.
  • It has several significant advance features including all-electric drive, high mobility, quick deployability, auxiliary power mode, advanced communication system and automated command and control system.
  • It has six round magazine as compared to standard three round. It weighs slightly more than normal artillery guns due to larger chamber. It has been mechanically upgraded to fire standard NATO 155 mm ammunition.

Ordnance Factories Board (OFB)

  • It is industrial organisation, functioning under Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence. It was established in 1775 and is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal.
  • It is the world's largest government-operated production organization and oldest organisation run by Central Government.
  • It is engaged in research, development, production, testing, marketing and logistics of a comprehensive product range in the areas of air, land and sea systems.
  • It comprises 41 Ordnance Factories, nine Training Institutes, three Regional Marketing Centres and four Regional Controllerates of Safety, which are spread all across the country.
  • It is often called "Fourth Arm of Defence” and "Force Behind Armed Forces of India”. It is amongst top 50 defence equipment manufacturers in the world.