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Current Affairs

Denmark’s artificial energy island project

Date: 06 February 2021 Tags: Energy

Issue

The Danish government has approved a plan to build an artificial island in the North Sea as part of its effort to switch to green energy.

 

Background

The project is being called the largest construction project to be undertaken in Denmark’s history with an estimated cost of DKK 210 billion.

 

Details

  • In June 2020, the Danish Parliament decided to initiate the construction of two energy islands, which will export power to mainland Denmark and neighbouring countries.

  • An energy island is based on a platform that serves as a hub for electricity generation from surrounding offshore wind farms.

  • The idea is to connect and distribute power between Denmark and neighbouring countries. Denmark has already entered into agreements with the Netherlands, Germany, and Belgium to begin the joint analysis of connections in the energy island.

  • One of these islands will be located in the North Sea and the second island, called the island of Bornholm, will be located in the Baltic Sea.

  • The artificial island will be located about 80 km into the North Sea and the majority of it will be owned by the Danish government. Its primary purpose is to provide large-scale offshore wind power.

 

Importance of the project

  • The move has come after the EU announced its plans to transform its electricity system to rely mostly on renewables within a decade and to increase its offshore wind energy capacity by over 25-fold by the year 2050.

  • Estimates suggest that it will be able to store and produce enough green energy to cover the electricity requirements of over 3 million households in the European Union (EU).

  • Denmark wants to become the first country in the world to begin working on such energy islands with a total capacity of about 5 GW offshore winds. The construction of both islands is expected to be complete by 2030.

 

Renewable energy

Renewable energy is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, including carbon neutral sources like sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.