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Current Affairs

Covid-19 impact on hearts of children

Date: 05 December 2020 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

According to a study, Covid-19 can damage children’s hearts to an extent that it may lead to Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in children (MIS-C).

 

Details

  • The authors have cautioned that some children may also need lifelong monitoring and interventions due to the impact.

  • Case studies also showed MIS-C can strike even healthy children without warning three or four weeks after asymptomatic infections.

  • It can be lethal because it affects multiple organ systems including the heart and the lungs, the gastrointestinal system or the neurologic system.

  • The amount of inflammation in MIS-C surpasses two similar paediatric conditions, Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome.

 

Kawasaki disease

  • Kawasaki disease (KD), or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is an illness that causes inflammation in arteries, veins, and capillaries.

  • It also affects lymph nodes and causes symptoms in your nose, mouth, and throat. It's the most common cause of heart disease in children.

  • It's most common in infants and young children. Initial treatments include aspirin and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy given in a medical facility.

 

Toxic Shock Syndrome

It is a rare, life-threatening complication of certain bacterial infections.

Risk factors include recent surgery, open wounds and the use of superabsorbent tampons.

A high fever, low blood pressure, vomiting and rash are some symptoms.