Climate friendly microbesDate: 24 April 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous
Scientists have identified a group of microbes living in geothermal systems that break decaying plants without emitting methane.
Methane is a high potential greenhouse gas that is emitted during biodegradation process. Controlling emission of methane has been a major challenge.
The new microbe group has been named Brockarchaeota and can only be found in extreme environments such as hot springs.
Brockarchaeota have not yet been grown in laboratories but their genome is constructed using the bits of genetic materials collected in hot springs.
The study of the genes indicated that the new organism consumes nutrients, produces energy and also waste.
The Brockarchaeota are part of an organism known as archaea. These organisms were thought to emit methane by breaking down plants and other organic matter.
The new method of breakdown was the reason behind large reserves of organic carbon in marine areas.