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Current Affairs

China’s elimination of malaria

Date: 13 July 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Recently, China has been declared as Malaria free by World Health Organization.

 

Background

Malaria is a tropical disease that is caused by plasmodium parasite. The mosquito acts as a vector in spreading the infection.

 

Details

  • Malaria has been traditionally associated with tropical nations. The majority of burden in recent times is shared by African Countries (94% of cases). India has about 2 percent of global malaria burden.

  • As many as 127 countries have been declared malaria-free since 1900. Recent eliminators were China and El Salvador.

 

Controlling malaria

  • New scientific studies about vectors, larval development and transmission have allowed control of disease. This has eliminated disease in many countries.

  • The process requires proper training for health care workers and surveillance measures to identify and eliminate the infection.

  • China used strong surveillance and genome testing method to prevent new strains from reaching the country.

 

Malaria in India

  • India has been able to substantially reduce malaria cases. It has been able to reduce deaths due to the diseases, especially in hotspot areas.

  • Even after such measures, cases are still higher. India has 11th highest malarial case load. It is the only country outside Africa to be in the list.