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Chandrayaan-2 to be launched in July 2019

Date: 02 May 2019 Tags: Space

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that India's second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 will be launched between 9 and 16 July 2019. It will be launched using India's most powerful rocket GSLV-Mark.

Chandrayaan-2 will be India's second mission to moon, and first to attempt soft landing. It is follow-up mission to Chandrayaan-1, which launched in October 2008 and helped provide first confirmation of water (in form of hydroxyl ions) on moon in 2009.

Chandrayaan-2 launch details

Chandrayaan-2 will have three modules in it, an orbiter, a lander named Vikram and a rover known as Pragyan. The lander will touch down near Moon's south pole on 6th September, 2019, two months after launch.

Orbiter and Lander have been interfaced mechanically and stacked together as an integrated module and accommodated inside the GSLV MK-III launch vehicle. Rover will be housed inside the Lander.

Once spacecraft is launched into Earth's orbit by GSLV, Chandrayaan-2 integrated module will be released. This spacecraft module has its own Orbiter propulsion module which will power vehicle's escape out of Earth's orbit and into the Moon's.

Once spacecraft reaches Moon's orbit, it will attempt to make soft landing in region 600 kilometres away from the lunar South pole. This will be the first time any mission touched down so far from equator.

Vikram lander will separate from orbiter and descend to surface to make India's first ever moon landing around 6 September, 2019. It is carrying an array of scientific instruments meant to study the lunar surface.

The orbiter module of Chandrayaan-2 will circle moon and relay data and information from lander and rover about conditions on surface of moon back to earth.

The payloads will collect scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice," the statement adds.

Pragyaan rover: It is 20-kilogram, six-wheeled semi-autonomous robot tasked to study composition of regolith, mixture of tiny moon rocks and fine dust blankets Moon's surface.