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Current Affairs

BrahMos Supersonic version

Date: 26 March 2022 Tags: Military

Issue

India has recently tested the extended range BrahMos Supersonic missile from the Andaman and Nicobar Command of the Indian Armed Forces.

 

Background

Supersonic missiles are category of missiles that have the capability to achieve speed greater than the speed of sound.

 

Details

  • The initial design of BrahMos was medium range but was later modified to long range in advanced versions.

  • The missile has the ability to be launched from submarines, surface warships, aircraft or land.

 

BrahMos

  • BrahMos was developed through a joint-venture between the Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya and India's Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).

  • The word ‘BrahMos’ is an amalgamation of the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.

 

Initial design

  • It was inspired from Russian cruise missiles such as P-800 Oniks. It had initial range of 298 km as India was not a member of MTCR.

  • In the subsequent modifications, the advanced version will be extended up to 1500 km, since India is now a member of prestigious MTCR.

 

MTCR

  • Missile Technology Control Regime is a voluntary grouping of countries that seeks to limit the proliferation of missiles and missile technology.

  • The goal is to limit the risks of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction by controlling the technology that could make a contribution to delivery systems for such weapons.

  • The MTCR regime has managed to discourage many countries to abandon their long-range missile programme by making it difficult for them to obtain technology and parts.

 

Supersonic missiles

Supersonic missiles are variety of missiles that can travel at the speed of mach 1 to mach 5 towards target.