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Current Affairs

Artificial Intelligence puts final notes on Beethoven’s tenth symphony

Date: 14 December 2019 Tags: Fourth Industrial Revolution

Issue

A team of musicologists and programmers is racing to complete a version of the piece of Beethoven’s incomplete tenth symphony using artificial intelligence.

 

Background

The final result of the project will be performed by a full orchestra on April 28 next year in Bonn, a centrepiece of celebrations for a composer who defined the romantic era of classical music.

 

Details

Beethoven began working on the Tenth Symphony alongside his Ninth, which includes the world-famous "Ode To Joy".But he quickly gave up on the Tenth, leaving only a few notes and drafts by the time he died aged 57.

In the project, machine-learning software has been fed all of Beethoven's work and is now composing possible continuations of the symphony in the composer's style.

Similar AI experiments based on works by Bach, Mahler and Schubert have been less than impressive.

 

Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the classical and romantic eras in classical music, he remains one of the most recognized and influential musicians of this period, and is considered to be one of the greatest composers of all time.

 

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. These processes include learning (the acquisition of information and rules for using the information), reasoning (using rules to reach approximate or definite conclusions) and self-correction.

 

Applications

  • Social welfare

Goal of using AI to address socially relevant problems such as homelessness. Involves employing AI to tackle some of the world's greatest economic and social challenges.

  • Agriculture

In agriculture new AI advancements show improvements in gaining yield and to increase the research and development of growing crops. New artificial intelligence now predicts the time it takes for a crop to be ripe and ready for picking thus increasing efficiency of farming along with quality parameters.

  • Aviation

It has use for artificial intelligence for surrogate operators for combat and training simulators, mission management aids, support systems for tactical decision making, and post processing of the simulator data into symbolic summaries.

  • Computer Science

AI researchers have created many tools to solve the most difficult problems in computer science. Many of their inventions have been adopted by mainstream computer science and are no longer considered a part of AI.

  • Education

AI tutors could allow for students to get extra, one-on-one help. They could also reduce anxiety and stress for some students, that may be caused by tutor labs or human tutors.

  • Trading

Algorithmic trading involves the use of complex AI systems to make trading decisions at speeds several orders of magnitudes greater than any human is capable of.

  • Industries

Robots have become common in many industries and are often given jobs that are considered dangerous to humans.

  • Hospitals and Medicines

Artificial neural networks are used as clinical decision support systems for medical diagnosis.

  • Military

The main military applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are to enhance Command and Control, Communications, Sensors, Integration and Interoperability.