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Current Affairs

Anti-radiation missile Rudram-I

Date: 10 October 2020 Tags: Military

Issue

India’s first indigenous anti-radiation missile, Rudram, developed for the Indian Air Force, was successfully flight-tested from a Sukhoi-30 MKI jet off the east coast.

 

Background

For guidance, it has a system that can detect, classify, and engage targets (radio frequency sources in this case) over a wide band of frequencies as programmed.

 

Details

  • Anti-radiation missiles are designed to detect, track and neutralise the adversary’s radar, communication assets, and other radio frequency sources, which are generally part of their air defence systems.

  • Such a missile’s navigation mechanism comprises an inertial navigation system which is a computerised mechanism that uses changes in the object’s own position — coupled with GPS, which is satellite-based.

  • Once the Rudram missile locks on the target, it is capable of striking accurately even if the radiation source switches off in between.

  • Officials said the missile has an operational range of more than 100 km, based on the launch parameters from the fighter jet.

  • Because the missiles are to be carried and launched from extremely complex and sensitive fighter jets, the development was full of challenges, such as development of radiation seeker technologies and guidance systems, besides integration with the fighter jet.

  • Anti-radiation missiles are used mainly in the initial part of air conflict to strike at the air defence assets of the enemy, and also in later parts, leading to higher survivability to a country’s own aircraft.

  • Neutralising or disrupting the operations of the adversary’s early warning radars, command and control systems, surveillance systems that use radio frequencies and give inputs for anti-aircraft weaponry, can be very crucial.