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Current Affairs

Alopecia areata

Date: 31 March 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Actor Will Smith had an altercation with comedian Chris Rock for making a joke on his wife’s shaved head, which was a result of a medical condition called Alopecia areata.

 

Background

The joke was made during the Academy Awards 2022, better known as Oscars. The joke enraged Smith.

 

Details

  • Smith’s wife Jada Pinkett suffers from an auto-immune medical condition called Alopecia areata, which leads to hair loss.

  • In order to deal with the falling hair, Jada had to cut her hair and sport a shaved look. She had also spoken about her medical condition openly.

 

The effect of condition

  • The condition causes sudden hair loss in patches. The immune system starts attacking hair follicles, resulting in their destruction.

  • Apart from scalp, the disease may affect hair in other parts of the body such as beard, moustache, underarms etc.

 

Reasons for condition

It is generally seen in people who have a family history of auto-immune conditions such as thyroid and diabetes.

 

Other reasons for hair-fall

  • Genetic factors

  • Aging

  • Loss of essential nutrients

  • Anxiety

  • Hormonal changes

  • Auto-immune diseases

  • Hormonal disorders

  • Environmental factors like pollution

 

Types of alopecia

  • Cicatricial alopecia (non-reversible): It results in scarring of the skin and permanent hair loss.

  • Non-cicatricial alopecia (reversible): Hair loss can be reversed with no scarring of the skin. This includes male and female pattern baldness.

 

Treating alopecia

  • Alopecia can be treated using both medical and natural treatment methods like topical agents, injections, oral treatments and light therapy.

  • Oil such as rosemary, lavender, peppermint, castor oil, and coconut etc can be used for massaging the scalp.

  1. Anti-inflammatory diet has to be followed and herbal supplements such as ginseng, green tea, and Chinese hibiscus have to be consumed.