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Current Affairs

Uniform Civil Code

Date: 15 September 2019 Tags: Bills & Laws

 

Issue

The Supreme Court has said that the government has till date taken no action to secure for its citizens a Uniform Civil Code.

 

Background

The judgment came in a case concerning the question whether succession and inheritance of a Goan domicile is governed by the Portuguese Civil Code, 1867 or the Indian Succession Act of 1925.

 

Details

  • The UCC was added in Constitution in Article 44 in Part IV dealing with the Directive Principles of State Policy.

  • It was envisioned that a uniform set of rules would replace the distinct personal laws of marriage, divorce, etc. based on customs of each religion.

 

UCC- Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages

  • Provides citizens with equal status.

  • Provides gender equality.

  • Upholds nationalistic attitude in population.

  • Reduces dominance of religious laws.

 

Disadvantages

  • Diversity of nation gets impacted.

  • Encroachment on religious freedom.

  • Interference of state in personal issues.

 

Extra information

  • The Sarla Mudgal case is considered as a landmark verdict which highlighted the need for a UCC.

  • Sarla Mudgal case deals with issue of bigamy, conflict between the personal laws existing on matters of marriage.