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Current Affairs

Tipu Sultan controversy in Mumbai

Date: 29 January 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Political parties in Mumbai are protesting against the move to name a playground after 18th century Mysore ruler Tipu Sultan.

 

Details

  • The controversy started after Mumbai Suburban minister decided to inaugurate a newly refurbished ground, which was to be renamed Tipu Sultan ground in Malwani area.

  • Opposing parties claim that the entire complex would be renamed after the controversial ruler and have shown their strict opposition.

 

State government stand

The state government, including shiv sena says that there was no proposal in front of the BMC to rename the park after Tipu Sultan.

 

Emergence of Tipu Sultan in Maharashtra politics

  • After Muslim political parties like AIMIM emerged in Maharashtra, Muslim youths started to use Tipu Sultan as a symbol of political assertion.

  • In Marathwada, where the trend is picking up, locals claim that it is a way of the Muslim youth to show the contribution and history of Muslims in India.

 

Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan was the eldest son of Hyder Ali of Mysore. He ruled the kingdom after the death of his father in 18th century.

 

Wars

  • Tipu Sultan attacked Travancore Kingdom, an ally of East India Company, triggering the third Anglo-Mysore war.

  • British forces attacked Seringapatam and Tipu had to sign a treaty with the East India Company. He had to pay them war compensation and surrender his children as political prisoners.

  • During the fourth Anglo-Mysore war, he tried to join hands with French and was surrounded by British forces. He died after sustaining battle injuries.

 

Contributions

  • He reorganized his army along European lines by using new technology. He built rockets for military use.

  • He is known to have modernised agriculture, built irrigation infrastructure and repaired old dams, gave tax breaks for developing wasteland, and promoted agricultural manufacturing and sericulture. 

 

Controversy

Tipu’s military conquests resulted in him burning entire villages, killing thousands of innocents, destroying temples and churches and forcibly converting Hindus and Christians.