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Current Affairs

State of Union Address (SOTU)

Date: 04 March 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous


President of the United States Joe Biden has delivered his first State of Union Address to a Joint Session of Congress.



The address comes amidst drop in approval ratings of the president. There is a strong belief that Democrats will lose control of both the houses.



The President spoke about both his international policy and domestic agenda. He assured Americans that he was working for their social and economic well-being.


Tradition of the address

  • The US constitution holds the basis for SOTU address. Under Article II, Section 3, Clause 1 of the Constitution, the President shall give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union.

  • From 1790 to 1946, it was known as the Annual Message. Since Harry Truman’s message to the Congress, it has been officially known as the State of the Union Address.



It is delivered in the chamber of the House of Representatives. The day and time for SOTU is decided through a House concurrent resolution.


Constituent of address

  • Early on, such address included agency budget requests and general reports on the health of the US economy. 

  • A separate Budget Message was instituted by a 1921 law, and the Economic Report by an Act of 1946 in order to provide in dept analysis.

  • The SOTU has served as a platform for the incumbent president to obtain support for his agenda.


Special events

  • The SOTU address of President Calvin Coolidge was the first to be broadcast on radio.

  • The address of President Harry Truman was first one to be televised.

  • The address of President George W Bush was the first that was webcast live.

  • The longest written address was delivered by Jimmy Carter and spoken address by Bill Clinton.

  • The address by George Washington was the shortest in history.

  • Franklin D Roosevelt delivered 12 such address, out of which 10 were in-person.

  • Zachary Taylor delivered only one address, and William Henry Harrison and James A Garfield, none.