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Current Affairs

Political party registration in India

Date: 30 October 2021 Tags: Constitution


Former Chief Minister of Punjab Captain Amarinder Singh will be launching his own political party in the state ahead of the state assembly elections.



After getting the required approval from the Election Commission of India, the party’s name and symbol will be announced.



  • The election commission has been given power under Article 324 of the Constitution of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 to recognize new parties.

  • A political party has to apply to the Election Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation.

  • Political party registration is governed under the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.


The process

  • The applicant has to publish the name of the political party in two national and two local daily newspapers. Any objection regarding the name has to be raised within 30 days of publication.

  • The application for registration has to be sent by either registered post or presented personally to the Secretary to the Election Commission within 30 days of the party formation in the prescribed format.

  • A demand draft of Rs 10,000 should be included along with a copy of the memorandum, rules and regulations or constitution of the Party.

  • There should be information about organizational elections at different levels and the terms of office of the office-bearers of the party.

  • A proof has to be attached to show that at least 100 members of the party are registered voters. An affidavit has to be provided that they are not part of other political party registered with the Commission.


Need for registration

  • There is no need to compulsorily register with Election Commission. The party registered with Election will receive benefits under Representation of the People Act, 1951, (relating to registration of political parties).

  • Benefits include preference in the matter of allotment of free symbols. They can get recognition as a ‘state party’ or a ‘national party’ based on fulfillment of criteria.

  • Recognised parties need only one proposer for filing the nomination and are entitled for two sets of electoral rolls free of cost.