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Current Affairs

Overseas Citizenship of India

Date: 08 November 2019 Tags: Constitution

Issue

The government has announced it will revoke the Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) card to famous author and journalist Aatish Taseer. Authorities accused him of attempting to conceal information that his father, Salman Taseer, was of Pakistani origin.

 

Background

According to Home Ministry guidelines, one of the grounds on which OCI registration can be cancelled is when it becomes necessary to do so in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity and security of India.

 

Details

Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI)

  • The Overseas Citizenship of India is an immigration status permitting a foreign citizen of Indian origin to live and work in the Republic of India indefinitely.

  • The OCI was introduced in response to demands for dual citizenship by the Indian diaspora, particularly in developed countries.

  • OCI is not to be misconstrued as 'dual citizenship'. OCI does not confer political rights.

  • The registered Overseas Citizens of India shall not be entitled to the rights conferred on a citizen of India under Article 16 of the Constitution with regard to equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

Eligibility

  1. The following categories of persons (except Pakistan and Bangladesh)  are eligible to apply under OCI scheme:

  • Who is a citizen of another country, but was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after, the commencement of the constitution; or

  • Who is a citizen of another country, but was eligible to become a citizen of India at the time of the commencement of the constitution; or

  • Who is a citizen of another country, but belonged to a territory that became part of India after the 15th day of August, 1947; or

  • Who is a child or a grand-child or a great grandchild of such a citizen;

                       or

(b) A person, who is minor child of a person mentioned in clause (a); or

(c) A person, who is a minor child, and whose both parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India; or

(d) Spouse of foreign origin of a citizen of India or spouse of foreign origin of an Overseas Citizen of india Cardholder registered under section 7A, Citizenship Act 1955 and whose marriage has been registered and subsisted for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the application under this section.

Reasons for revoking OCI card

  • The registration as an overseas citizen of India was obtained by means of fraud, false representation or the concealment of any material fact.

  • The overseas citizen of India has shown disaffection towards the Constitution of India as by law established.

  • The overseas citizen of India has, during any war in which India may bee engaged, unlawfully traded or communicated with an enemy or been engaged in, or associated with, any business or commercial activity that was to his knowledge carried on in such manner as to assist an enemy in that war.

  • The overseas citizen of India has, within five years after registration under sub-section(1) of section 7A has been sentenced to imprisonment for a term of not less than two years.

  • It is necessary so to do in the interest of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of India, friendly relations of India with any foreign country, or in the interests of the general public.