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Current Affairs

NEET’s All India Quota

Date: 31 July 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The NEET exam will have reservations for OBC and EWS (Economically Weaker Section) within the All-India quota.

 

Background

NEET is an All-India entrance examination for selecting candidates for medical and dental colleges across the country.

 

Details

  • Admissions to all undergraduate (NEET-UG) and postgraduate (NEET-PG) courses in dental and medical streams are given through National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET).

  • NEET was held for the first time in year 2003 but was scrapped later. Prior to second time implementation of NEET, All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) was conducted.

  • AIPMT was a national level entrance examination for medical courses. Every state had their own examination for filling the seats.

  • Section 10-D of the Indian Medical Council Act, which gave birth to NEET, was upheld by the Supreme Court. It envisaged a uniform national level test.

  • The test was to be conducted for both undergraduate and post-graduate courses for all medical educational institutions in English, Hindi and other languages.

  • The NEET is currently conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) since 2018. Earlier, it was conducted by the CBSE.

 

The All India quota (AIQ)

  • Currently, majority of seats in medical colleges are reserved for students residing in the same state. The remaining seats are surrendered for All India Quota.

  • The All India Quota allows meritous students from other states to study in any good medical colleges across the country.

  • Candidates scoring high will ensure admission in a college under the national quota. If they fail to score higher, they can get seat under the state quota.

 

Current reservation

  • There was no reservation in All-India quota till 2007. The Supreme Court had directed to implement 15% for Scheduled Castes and 7.5% for Scheduled Tribes.

  • The quota for OBC was introduced in Central government institutions but not to the seats under AIQ in state institutions.

  • The 10 percent reservation under the EWS quota was also implemented in central government institutions but was still unavailable for AIQ.