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Current Affairs

National Human Rights Commission

Date: 07 December 2019 Tags: Commissions & Committees

Issue

A petition has been filed in the National Human Rights Commission seeking an autopsy on the deceased's bodies of the criminals, who were killed in an encounter with the police.

 

Background

The accused in the rape and murder of the Hyderabad veterinarian were taken to the spot of the crime to recreate the murder scene. The accused tried to escape using police weapons and were subsequently shot dead.

 

Details

  • The encounter of the four accused by Hyderabad Police under dubious circumstances caused controversy with a majority of Indians supporting the move.

  • While critics expressed reservations against the glorifying custodial death and even called for inquiries, police have clarified that the killings were in self-defense.

  • The Centre has sought a report from Telangana government over "custodial killing" of the alleged rapists. Since it is a killing in custody, as per existing guidelines state will have to apprise NHRC via MHA.

National Human Rights Commission

  • The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is a Statutory public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993.

  • NHRC is responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights, defined by the Act as "Rights Relating To Life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants".

Composition

The NHRC consists of:

  • A Chairperson, who has been a Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the Supreme Court

  • One member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of India

  • One member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court

  • Three Members, out of which at least one shall be a woman to be appointed from amongst persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights

  • In addition, the Chairpersons of National Commissions (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Women , Minorities, Backward Classes, Protection of Child Rights) and Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities serve as ex officio members.

Appointment

The Chairperson and members of the NHRC are appointed by the President of India, on the recommendation of a committee consisting of:

  • The Prime Minister (Chairperson)

  • The Home Minister

  • The Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha (Lower House)

  • The Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)

  • The Speaker of the Lok Sabha (Lower House)

  • The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)

Functions

The Protection of Human Rights Act mandates the NHRC to perform the following:-

  • proactively or reactively inquire into violations of government of India human rights or negligence iention of such violation by a public servant

  • the protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation

  • review the factors, including acts of terrorism that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend appropriate remedial measures

  • to study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation

  • undertake and promote research in the field of human rights

  • engage in human rights education among various sections of society and promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights through publications, the media, seminars and other available means

  • encourage the efforts of NGOs and institutions congress to working in the field of human rights.

  • it considers the necessity for the protection of human rights.

  • requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office.