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Current Affairs

Mining in Goa

Date: 19 November 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The issue of mining revival in Goa has taken a political turn with every party promising to start the sector once they come to power.

 

Background

Mining and tourism are the two most important source of livelihood for many people. However, mining has come to standstill after the Supreme Court order in 2018.

 

Details

  • The Portuguese government had granted mining permission for manganese and iron for perpetuity. They were later converted to leases, which expired in 2007.

  • An NGO called Goa Foundation filed a PIL after mining continued well beyond 2007. The government of Goa suspended mining after Union Environment ministry did not give clearance.

  • The Supreme Court granted conditional opening of mining activities in 2014. It capped the annual extraction to 20 million tonnes.

  • The Goa government renewed several leases in 2015, which was again challenged in the court. It was stuck down in 2018 and continues remaining shut.

 

Effects

  • The Goa foundation has assumed that about 7,000 people were left unemployed due to the mining ban. The earlier estimation of 1.5 lakh people was said to be exaggeration.

  • The government of Goa planned to recover dues from mine owners for illegally involving in mining activities.