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Current Affairs

Maharashtra to protect Heritage trees

Date: 14 June 2021 Tags: Bills & Laws


Maharashtra government is set to make arrangements for protecting ‘heritage trees’ by making changes to the Maharashtra (Urban Areas) Protection and Preservation of Trees Act of 1975.



  • The government is also planning to institute Maharashtra (Urban Areas) Protection and Preservation of Trees Act of 1975 in all local bodies of the state.

  • Heritage tree is defined as a one that has passed age of 50 years. The species of the tree may be notified from time to time.

  • There have been demand to consider a tree’s cultural, religious, historical, rarity, mythological and botanical importance before classifying it as heritage tree.

  • The counting of heritage trees and surveys will have to be carried out every five years by the local tree authority.


Determining age

  • The most common way of determining the age of the tree is through a method called Dendrochronology. In this method the annual tree rings will be calculated.

  • The tree adds a ring every year. This will be able to determine the age and also some of its characteristics too.

  • The tree ring is harvested by boring a hole and obtaining a small sample for study. The role is then closed to prevent diseases.



  • The heritage tree will be used decide the compensatory mechanism. A person cutting heritage tree will have to plant same number of trees as the age of the cut tree.

  • The individual has to ensure that the planted sapling survives for seven years and later have to be geo-tagged.



A person can pay compensation in money if planting tree is not possible. The economic value has not yet been determined but it will be based on its oxygen output.