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Current Affairs

Halal food certification

Date: 04 April 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

Fringe groups were seen attacking and threatening traders involved in selling Halal meat in Karnataka.

 

Background

Halal is an Arabic word that means ‘permissible’ or ‘fit for consumption’. It not only applies to food but also other practices.

 

Details

  • Halal is a certification that a food product is prepared according to the Islamic rules and fit for consumption by Muslims.

  • Any product that is certified as Halal guarantees that it is 'permissible or lawful' under stringent Islamic law.

 

Halal meat criteria

  • Only a Muslim man can slaughter the animal.

  • The animal must be slaughtered with the help of a sharp knife with a cut to the jugular vein, carotid artery and windpipe. 

  • The Quranic verse must be read while slaughtering the animal. 

  • At the time of slaughter, the animal must be alive and healthy.  

 

Who certifies Halal?

The certification is given by government in Islamic countries but in India private companies are involved in giving certification.

 

Why halal certification

Companies get halal certification for exporting their products to Islamic countries. Food products are halal certified for consumption by Muslims.

 

Issues with halal certification

  • Companies are required to pay large amount to get halal certified. This increases cost of products.

  • Only Muslims are employed in companies involved in halal products such as abattoirs.

  • It is seen as a discriminatory practice against non-Muslims as it adheres to laws of one religion.

  • There is no universal certification of halal and companies have to get their products certified again once they reach destination country.

 

Alternative

Alternative slaughtering method known as ‘Jhatka’ is employed in which the animal is slaughtered in one go. This is usually preferred by Hindus and Sikhs.