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Current Affairs

Draft rules for carrying child on motorcycle

Date: 29 October 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous


Children between the age of nine months and four years riding pillion on two-wheelers need to wear crash or bicycle helmet.



To amend the Central Motor Vehicles Rules (CMVR), 1989, the government for the first time has brought the draft notification.



  • Bikers will have to ride their bikes below 40 kmph while carrying children below the age of 4 years.  This is part of effort to bring safety provisions in the legal framework for operation of vehicles in India.

  • Before inserting this provision into the Motor Vehicles Act, 2019, the government has held multiple meetings with stakeholders.


Additional provisions

  • The biker carrying a child between 0-4 years has to attach a harness to the child to prevent them from falling off.

  • The safety harness in form of a vest has to be worn by the child. The shoulder loops attached to the harness has to be worn by the rider.


The features of harness

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has specified how the harness should be made till the Bureau of Indian Standards comes out with specifications for the same.

  • The harness should be lightweight, waterproof, adjustable, durable and made with high density foam and nylon. It should be capable to hold a weight up to 30 kg.


The need for law

  • A report by WHO on road safety has said that road traffic injuries have been one of the 15 main causes of death of children between age 1-4 years.

  • Another report says that motorcyclists were 35 times more likely than passenger of car occupants to die in traffic crash and eight times more likely to be injured. 

  • In India, about 11,168 children lost their lives in road crashes in 2019. However, they were at less risk than pedestrians.