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Current Affairs

Cryptocurrency regulation across world

Date: 26 November 2021 Tags: Bills & Laws


The government is planning to regulate cryptocurrency by introducing the Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2021.



A framework will be created by the government for creation of an official cryptocurrency that will be issued by RBI.



  • All the private cryptocurrencies will be banned. However, the underlying cryptocurrency technology and its uses will be allowed.

  • The cryptocurrency prices in local exchanges fell after the decision. However, the prices remained unchanged on global scale.

  • Currently there is no ban on cryptocurrency. The regulations and control on cryptocurrency varies across the globe.


Global regulation

  • El Salvador has given legal status to cryptocurrency Bitcoin whereas China has imposed stringent regulations on cryptocurrency.

  • Canada is among the first countries to adopt crypto. The Canada Revenue Authority (CRA) reognises it as commodity.

  • In Israel, crypto is defined as financial asset. Tax authorities consider it to be an asset and demands 25% on capital gains.

  • In UK, it is neither considered a currency or money. They have a unique identity and cannot be compared to any other form of investment.


Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) 

  • The CBDC is set to be launched by RBI which is considered a digital form of fiat currency. It can be transacted using blockchain wallets regulated by RBI.

  • User can conduct domestic and cross-border transactions using CBDCs. It will not require third party banks or financial institutes.

  • To make rupee competitive in international market, India needs successful implementation of the pilot project.

  • The CBDC cannot compete with private cryptocurrencies that have grown recently. The CBDCs can succeed if they are effectively used.