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Current Affairs

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana water wars

Date: 08 July 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

A fierce confrontation has been taking place between governments of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana for controlling common reservoirs of both the states.

 

Background

The fight between the two states had reached such an extent that police forces of both states were deployed to protect water rights.

 

Details

  • A similar incident had taken place in 2015 when police forces of both states were ready to fight each other after heated arguments regarding release of water from Nagarjuna Sagar dam.

  • Since the 2015 incident, relations between the two states have improved but there are still tensions when it comes to sharing of Krishna river waters.

  • The Andhra Pradesh government alleges that Telangana has been drawing water from Krishna reservoirs for hydropower generation without approval from relevant authority.

  • The Krishna River Management Board (KRMB) has been set up to manage and regulate distribution of river water between both the states.

  • Andhra Pradesh says that water used for hydropower is not benefitting farmers and instead reaches Bay of Bengal as wastage.

  • Telangana says that it needs water for hydropower demands. It says that Andhra Pradesh is illegally carrying out irrigation project.

  • Telangana claims 50:50 distribution of Krishna river water under the Krishna Water Tribunal. However, Andhra Pradesh has not agreed to it.

 

Water dispute

The Krishna Water Tribunal 2 had allocated Krishna river waters in the ratio of 66:34 to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana after the bifurcation of the state.

 

Demand for hydro power

  • Telangana is carrying out several lift irrigation projects that require high electricity. The chief minister has decided to run all hydro-power stations at full capacity.

  • The use of hydropower for electricity generation is cheaper in comparison to other sources such as thermal power.

 

Solution

There is a demand by Telangana to permanently settle the water sharing issue through the Krishna Water Tribunal 2.