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Current Affairs

Aadhar data not to be used for police investigation

Date: 11 May 2022 Tags: Bills & Laws

Issue

Delhi Police’s petition to get access to Aadhar database to match fingerprints of accused has been opposed by The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).

 

Background

The petition was filed in the High Court by the police to match with suspect’s picture and chance prints (latent fingerprints) from the crime scene.

 

Details

The UADAI is restricted by law to share any core biometric information with police. Technically it is not feasible to accept the request.

 

Plea by Police

  • In certain cases, High Court judge can order the disclosure of information on identity in certain cases. This is mentioned under Section 33(1) of The Aadhaar Act.

  • The Sections 28(2) and 28(5) of The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 restricts revelation of information.

 

 Data collected by UIDAI

  • UIDAI collects demographic and biometric information of residents. Normal information includes name, address, date of birth, gender, mobile phone number, and email address.

  • Biometric data includes 10 fingerprints, two iris scans, and the resident’s photograph.

 

Confidential nature

  • Aadhar law states that no Aadhaar data can be shared by any individual or entity with anyone without the consent of the resident or holder of the Aadhaar.

  • The Delhi Police’s petition under section 33 allows identification information including photograph or authentication records, but no core biometric information.

  • Person not below the rank of the Secretary to the central government can order disclosure of information in case of national security.

 

Challenges

  • UIDAI says that quality of the data collected such as iris scans and fingerprints is not suitable for forensic purposes. It cannot be used for matching purposes.

  • The technology can establish the identity of an individual only through the Aadhaar number. Ascertaining identity through prints is not feasible.