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World Bee Day: May 20

Date: 21 May 2019 Tags: Days & Dates

World Bee Day is celebrated every year across the world on May 20. The purpose of this day is to acknowledge the role of bees and other pollinators for the ecosystem. The theme for year 2019 is “Save the Bees”.

Why this date?

May 20 coincides with birth anniversary of Anton Janaa, who in 18th century had pioneered modern beekeeping techniques in his native country Slovenia and praised bees for their ability to work so hard, while needing so little attention.

Value of bees

Pollinators like bees, butterflies, bats and hummingbirds allow many plants, including many food crops, to reproduce. A third of the world's food production depends on bees. Bees are vital for preservation of ecological balance, biodiversity in nature and help reduce pollution.

They not only contribute directly to food security, but they are key to conserving biodiversity - a cornerstone of Sustainable Development Goals. They also serve as sentinels for emerging environmental risks and signal health of local ecosystems. 

They are increasingly under threat from human activities. Invasive insects, land-use change, pesticides and monocropping practices may reduce available nutrients and poses greatest threats to bee colonies.

Background

The World Bee Day was proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by unanimously passing resolution proposed by Slovenia in December 2017. It is aimed at highlighting importance of preservation of bees and their significance for humanity. It also calls for the adoption of specific conservation measures.