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Suicide report by WHO

Date: 11 September 2019 Tags: Reports & Indices

Issue

A fact sheet released by the World Health Organization shows that close to 8 lakh people die due to suicide every year. This means, suicides account for one death every 40 seconds.

 

Background

Suicide is a global phenomenon and occurs throughout the lifespan. Effective and evidence-based interventions can be implemented at population, sub-population and individual levels to prevent suicide and suicide attempts.

 

Details

  • Report has also observed that behind every successful suicide, there are more than 20 attempts at taking one’s life.

  • Against a global average of 10.53 deaths due to suicide (per 100,000 population) Europe tends to register the maximum deaths due to suicide while Eastern Mediterranean reports the lowest average.

  • The report also shows country-specific rates of a wide variety of countries both in terms of geography and resource allocation as well as in terms of economic prosperity.

  • The report also said that while suicide was the second leading cause of death among 15- to 29-year-olds.

  • While the link between suicide and mental disorders, like depression is well established, WHO finds that many suicides happen during a crisis and because of an individual’s inability to deal with stress

  • In methods of suicides , almost 20 per cent of all suicides are due to pesticide self-poisoning.

  •  The use of pesticide points to the setting where such suicides happen which is rural agricultural areas in low- and middle-income countries. Other common methods are hanging and firearms.