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International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression: June 5

Date: 04 June 2019 Tags: Days & Dates

The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed every year across the world on June 4 to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, emotional and mental abuse. This day affirms the United Nations’ (UN) commitment to protect the rights of children.

2019 Theme: “Zero Violence against Children by 2030”.

The theme is in line with 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG) which provides universal masterplan to secure better future for children. SDG include time specific target (16.2) to end all forms of violence against children and ending the abuse, neglect and exploitation of children is mainstreamed across several other violence-related targets.

Background

The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression was established on 19 August 1982 (resolution ES-7/8) by UN General Assembly (UNGA) at its emergency special session on question of Palestine. At this session, UNGA had appalled at great number of innocent Palestinian and Lebanese children victims of Israel’s acts of aggression.  Originally it was focused on victims of1982 Lebanon War, but later its purpose was expanded to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, emotional and mental abuse.

In 1997, UNGA adopted 51/77 Resolution on the Rights of the Child. It was a landmark decision in an efforts to improve the protection of children in conflict situations. Resolution 51/77 was built on existing UNGA’s efforts to protect the rights of children, including through Convention on the Rights of the Child and its Optional Protocol and annual Rights of the Child resolutions. It also had established mandate of Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict