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Current Affairs

India's population to surpass China by 2027: UN

Date: 18 June 2019 Tags: Reports & Indices

According to recently released ‘The World Population Prospects 2019’, India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2027. It was published by Population Division of United Nations (UN) Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Key findings of the report

  • Global population: It is projected to increase by another 2 billion people by 2050, from 7.7 billion in 2019 to 9.7 billion in 30 years down the line. By tend of the century (i.e. by 2100), the world population will reach peak level of about 11 billion.
  • India: Indi’s estimated current population is of 1.37 billion and China 1.43 billion. By 2027, India’s population will surpass population of China. India is also expected to add 273 million people by 2050 and it will remain most populated until the end of the century.
  • Top 5 populous countries (Projections): Following India-China re-ordering in 2027, the five largest countries is projected to remain the same until end of the century.
  • India will be world’s most populous country with nearly 1.5 billion population, followed by China at (1.1 billion), Nigeria (733 million), United States (434 million), and Pakistan (403 million).
  • Declining population: By 2050, 55 countries will see their populations shrink by at least 1%. This will be mainly due to sustained low levels of fertility and high rates of emigration. China’s population is projected to shrink by as much as 2.2% or 31.4 million by 2050.
  • Ageing: World’s overall population is ageing, with age group of 65 and above growing at fast rate. By 2050, one in six people in the world will be part of this age group as compared to 1 in 11 in 2019.