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Current Affairs

Good Governance Index

Date: 27 December 2019 Tags: Reports & Indices

Issue

Tamil Nadu has topped the Good Governance Index released by the Centre, followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.

 

Background

The government celebrates December 25 as Good Governance Day to mark the birthday of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

 

Details

  • The rankings were launched by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances and the Centre for Good Governance.

  • The index is a uniform tool to assess the status of governance and the impact of various interventions by state governments and Union Territories.

  • The objectives of GGI are to provide quantifiable data to compare the state of governance in all states and UTs, enable states and UTs to formulate and implement suitable strategies for improving governance and shift to result oriented approaches and administration.

  • Odisha, Bihar, Goa, and Uttar Pradesh did not fare well in the Big States category and Jharkhand was at the bottom of the list.

  • In the North-East and Hill States category, Himachal Pradesh ranked first, followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura, Mizoram and Sikkim. Jammu and Kashmir is at the sixth place, followed by Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.

  • Among the Union Territories, Puducherry emerged as the best-governed, ahead of Chandigarh and Delhi. Lakshwadeep was found to be the worst-performing.

Methodology

  • As per the methodology of the index, states are assessed on their performance in 10 sectors namely  agriculture and allied sectors, commerce and industries, human resource development, public health, public infrastructure and utilities, economic governance, social welfare and development, judicial and public security, environment and citizen-centric governance.

  • States and Union Territories are ranked separately. The states and UTs have been grouped into three categories: big states, Northeast and hill categories, and UTs.

Good governance

“Good governance can be referred as an effective and efficient process of decisionmaking and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented) keeping the amelioration of citizens as the topmost priority. Resource allocation, creation of formal establishments, setting up rules and regulations etc., are part of achieving this goal.”