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96% usage of toilets in rural India under Swachh Bharat: NARSS 2018-19

Date: 06 March 2019 Tags: Reports & Indices

According to National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS) 2018-19, 96.5% of the households in rural India who have access to toilet use it. It also re-confirmed Open Defecation Free (ODF) status of 90.7% of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF by various districts/States.

About Survey

  • It was conducted from November 2018 and February 2019 by Independent Verification Agency (IVA) under World Bank support project to Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G).
  • It had covered 92040 households in 6136 villages across States and UTs of India.
  • It also covered schools, anganwadis and public/community toilets in these villages.
  • Methodology: It had used Probability Proportion to Size (PPS) sampling methodology, which yields results within confidence interval of 95% Data was collected using Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) platform.

Key findings of NARSS 2018-19

  • 96.5% of households in rural India who have access to toilet use it.
  • 93.1% of households were found to have access to toilets during survey period (corresponding figure as per SBMG MIS in November 2018 was 96%)
  • 96.5% of people who had access to toilets used them.
  • 90.7% of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF were confirmed to be ODF. Remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93%
  • 95.4% of villages surveyed found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water.

Background

  • Since its launch in October 2014, Swachh Bharat Mission, the world’s largest sanitation program, has changed behaviour of hundreds of millions of people with respect to toilet access and usage.
  • Around 500 million people have stopped defecating in open since its launch, down from 550 million at its beginning to less than 50 million at present.
  • Over 9 crore toilets have been built across rural India under it. Over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States/UTs.