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Current Affairs

Yemen’s first ceasefire

Date: 11 April 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

A two-month truce deal was announced between the Saudi-led coalition and the Iran-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen.

 

Background

Yemen has been witnessing a civil war since the last few years, which has led to loss of lives and displacement of millions.

 

Details

  • The parties have agreed to halt all offensive military, air, ground and maritime operations inside Yemen and across its borders.

  • The ceasefire brokered by UN is the first of its kind in the last six years which has seen nationwide cessation of hostilities agreed by all sides.

 

The crisis

  • The crisis in Yemen started in 2014 and has already seen worst humanitarian crisis, witnessing mass hunger, poverty and civilian deaths.

  • It began as a small conflict when Iran-backed Houthi rebels seized Sanaa and the country’s northwest. The ruling government had to go into exile.

  • The Saudis came to the rescue of the ousted government through a military campaign that aimed to drive Houthis away and restore the exiled government.

 

New truce

  • The truce discussions have been going on from a long time and will seek immediate halt of all ground, air and sea fighting from both sides. 

  • The deal ensures that civilian planes can takeoff from Sanaa and shipments of fuel and food can enter port of al-Hudaydah.

  • A prisoner swap deal is also being worked out. The last of such swap deal took place in 2020 where around 1,000 prisoners were exchanged.

  • The President in exile has stepped down and handled his power to a president council that can negotiate with Houthis.

 

Response

  • Houthis have previously refused to participate in a discussion held in a country which is party to war. However, the deal has now been welcomed.

  • Saudi and UAE have announced new aid of $3 billion for Yemen. About $2 billion will be infused in Yemen’s central bank whereas the rest will be used for developmental projects.

 

India’s position

India has welcomed the deal and said that parties must respect the truce and bring an end to the civil war in Yemen.