We have launched our mobile app, get it now. Call : 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584.  

Current Affairs

US-Taliban deal

Date: 25 January 2021 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The Biden administration has said that it will review the US-Taliban deal to see if the Taliban are able to keep their end of the bargain. 

 

Background

The deal was signed last year in February and is meant for “Bringing Peace to Afghanistan” enabling the US and NATO to withdraw their troops.

 

Details

  • The pact was signed between Zalmay Khalilzad, US Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, and Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, political head of the Taliban on February 29, 2020.

  • The agreement adopts a permanent and comprehensive ceasefire as the agenda of the intra-Afghan dialogue and negotiations. 

 

Significance

  • Some of the important elements of the deal include the withdrawal of US troops along with bringing down NATO or coalition troop numbers within 14 months from when the deal was signed.

  • Taliban has assured that it will not allow any of its members, other individuals or groups, including al-Qaeda, to use the soil of Afghanistan to threaten the security of the United States and its allies.

  • Other elements include removal of sanctions on Taliban leaders, releasing prisoners held by both sides and ceasefire.

  • The Taliban were able to negotiate some of the elements they wanted such as troops’ withdrawal, removal of sanctions and release of prisoners. 

  • The deal has strengthened Pakistani forces especially Pakistani Army and ISI, who seem to have increased their influence.

Issues and concerns

  • The Afghan government was completely sidelined during the talks between the US and the Taliban. The future for the people of Afghanistan is uncertain and will depend on how the Taliban honours its commitments.

  • Taliban have denounced democracy as a western imposition on their vision of Afghanistan. They have dropped several hints of a return to the Taliban-run Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan of 1996-2001. 

  • Much will depend on whether the US and the Taliban are able to keep their ends of the bargain, and every step forward will be negotiated, and how the Afghan government and the political spectrum are involved.