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Current Affairs

United Nations and crisis in Yemen

Date: 28 January 2022 Tags: Miscellaneous

Issue

The crisis in Yemen has escalated after Saudi Arabia intensified its airstrikes on Houthi rebels after drone attack on Abu Dhabi.

 

Background

The war in Yemen is going on since last seven years without a possible end. The result will have wider geopolitical implications for the Gulf.

 

Details

  • The UN has failed to interfere and resolve the issue but its different agencies have been working in Yemen since 2011.

  • The Special Envoy to the Secretary-General on Yemen (OSESGY) has been set up. It will engage with Yemeni political groupings.

  • The UNSC has adopted many resolutions on Yemen. Agencies have been working to provide humanitarian aid to the affected.

 

Role of UN envoy

  • An advisor to UN Secretary General on Yemen has been appointed, who will carry out negotiations between warring parties.

  • The advisor has been meeting with Yemeni leaders, foreign diplomats and the Yemenis demonstrating in squares around capital Sana’a.

  • The Special Envoy is responsible for briefing the Security Council regularly on the peace process and the situation in Yemen.

 

Dialogues

  • The envoy’s office carried out dozens of Dialogue sessions. Since 2015, the Office has mediated four rounds of talks between the Yemeni warring factions in Geneva, Kuwait and Stockholm.

  • The dialogue helped in reaching Stockholm Agreement for ceasefire (Hodeidah Agreement), opening humanitarian corridors (Taiz understanding) and a prisoner swap.

 

Role of UNSC

  • The UNSC has adopted many resolutions on Yemen such as Resolutions 2051 (2012), 2140 (2014) and 2216 (2015).

  • Resolutions have helped in imposing targeted arms embargo, travel ban, and assets freeze against certain individuals and entities.

  • The presidential statements were issued on various issues, asking for protecting Yemen’s unity, sovereignty, independence and expressing grave concern regarding the humanitarian situation in Yemen. 

 

Tackling humanitarian crisis

  • The humanitarian risk is immense with more than half population are at risk of famine and 80% of the people require some form of humanitarian assistance.

  • The UN’s World Food Programme has been delivering food to more than 13 million people, especially women and child.