UN Human Rights CouncilDate: 09 April 2022 Tags: International Organizations
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has adopted a draft resolution to suspend Russia from the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC).
A massacre came to light in Bucha near Kyiv. Ukraine claims that Russia committed genocide in the region.
The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the world. It works under the aegis of UN.
Its main function is to address and make recommendations on situations of human rights violations, and can discuss all human rights issues and situations.
The UN Commission on Human Rights was replaced by HRC. It was created by UNGA in 2006 and its first session was held the same year.
The council is made up of 47 member states from UNGA. They are elected by majority vote through a direct and secret ballot at the UNGA.
The representation is based on equitable geographical distribution. The members serve for three years and are not eligible for immediate re-election after two consecutive terms.
The governing body consists of a president and four vice-presidents. They serve for a year each and represent one of the five regional groups.
The UNHRC must hold three regular sessions a year, for a total of at least 10 weeks. They take place in March (4 weeks), June (3 weeks) and September (3 weeks).
The can decide to hold a special session to address human rights violations and emergencies if a third of member states requests.